Technology is the application of scientific knowledge to the practical aims of human life. It encompasses the whole range of human activities that use science to change the environment, including those of a commercial nature. It also includes human activity that is purely creative, such as the arts, engineering, and applied science.
It includes all of the inventions and discoveries that solve problems faced by humans and animals. It enables us to live more comfortably and achieve greater levels of productivity. It has changed the world in which we live and continues to do so at an ever-increasing pace. It has given rise to a wide variety of social issues, including the environmental problems caused by pollution and over-population. It also raises many ethical and philosophical questions, such as how far should we go in modifying our natural surroundings and what is the appropriate balance between scientific progress and human welfare?
The concept of technology has been around for centuries. From ancient tools like the abacus and inscriptions of herbal medicinal recipes on the rocks at Egyptian temples to modern marvels such as the typewriter, adding machine, and telegraph, technological advances have made our lives easier and more productive. Today, almost every product that we have in our homes and workplaces incorporates some form of technology.
In the last century, digital technology has revolutionised most of our daily lives. It has altered the way we travel, work, shop, communicate and entertain ourselves. It has even transformed our bodies and minds, with the onset of telemedicine and virtual reality.
One of the most notable benefits of technology is the democratisation of access to information. Whether we want to learn something new or need to find a contact’s phone number, we can now get instant access to a wealth of knowledge on our smartphones or tablets. This has helped to enhance the learning experience for students and enable them to be self-sufficient learners.
Another effect of technology is its ability to make businesses more competitive. The use of innovative digital solutions and avant-garde technologies allow companies to streamline their internal processes, expedite production cycles and offer high quality products at competitive prices. It has also enabled them to attract more customers and gain a higher market share.
In contrast to the disruptive technology, incremental technology focuses on smaller innovations that can have a significant impact. It can be anything from upgrading operating systems or releasing security patches to making changes to existing services. Incremental technology has the advantage of being more cost-effective than disruptive technologies, making it a more accessible option for small and medium sized businesses. It also offers the potential to be scalable, allowing businesses to grow and expand at a steady rate.